Marc Hughes

I am a developer from a bit west of Boston.

My first Red5 experience

23 Sep 2007

I've worked with both Chris Allen and John Grden on some projects for my employer. During that time, I can't count the number of times I heard about Red5, but I never got a chance to try it out.

This past week I caught Chris' "Building Red5 Applications" session at FlashForward. I finally got up the motivation to download and try it out.

Here's my experience. It's my first time playing with Red5 (but I have plenty of java & eclipse experience) so it's almost guaranteed I'm not doing everything the "right way". But this way worked for me, maybe it'll help someone else. If it does help you, please leave a comment. Writing this up takes a while and I'm not going to bother in the future for other things if nobody gets value out of it.

Attempt #1

I wanted to try out the .tar.gz package so I would know how to deal with it on Linux as well as Windows. That way I'd be able to deploy anything I built on my webhost fairly easily.

I unpacked it, ran ant, and let it all build. So far so good.

Then I ran the red5.bat file. Lots of exceptions. Like millions, maybe billions, I lost track. Seems my sample applications weren't found. I poked around a bit, but no good. Screw this.

Attempt #2
I went for the windows installation package. That unpacked everything and the server ran fine. I could open up a web browser to http://localhost:5080/ and view the demos, admin panel, etc.

Note: The default admin username/password is admin/admin. You can change that in conf/tomcat-users.xml I'd suggest changing it.


So now I want to get it rocking with eclipse. I launch eclipse (I'm lazy and like things easy so I use easy eclipse.)

I select File->Import->Existing project, then pick my Red5 project. Bamn, I got an eclipse project set up.

But there's compile errors.

Severity and Description Path Resource Location Creation Time Id
Project red5server is missing required source folder: 'test' red5server Build path 1190574481375 173990
The project cannot be built until build path errors are resolved red5server Unknown 1190574530687 173992

So I closed the red5 eclipse project, fired up a text editor, and looked in my .classpath file inside the red5 folder. It had the offending entry.

<classpathentry kind="src" path="test"/>

Note... I delete this line later on:
<classpathentry kind="con" path="org.jayasoft.ivyde.eclipse.cpcontainer.IVYDE
You might as well do it now since you're in there.

So I removed it, and repopened eclipse.

A quick Project->Clean and...
3656 Errors

Ok, seems it doesn't see some libraries. Right click on my project, select properties. Go into "Java Build Path", select the "Libraries" tab, click the "Add Jars..." button, and add all of the .jar files in the lib directory.

A quick Project->Clean and...
0 Errors


Running it from Eclipse

Now I go into src/org/red5/server, find the, right click it, and select "Run as..."->"Java Application".

I check my eclipse console panel and get a bunch of lines the last one being:

[INFO] 2007-09-23 15:14:20,875 main:( org.red5.server.Standalone.main ) Startup done in: 5875 ms


I point a web browser at: http://localhost:5080/ and see that the red5 server is indeed running. I launch the ball demo and push the connect button. Then I make a new browser window and launch the demo again. When I move the red5 logo in one window, it moves in the other. That means it's all working.

Eclipse also helpfully added an entry to my run button (the green circle with the play button) in my toolbar so I don't have to find the file again.

I want a quick launch button for debugging too, so I kill the server (click the red square on the console panel) and right click the and select "Debug as java application". The server starts in debug mode, and eclipse adds it to my debug button on the toolbar. (the green beetle button)

Making something

Now, I want to make something. But first, I want to get rid of the samples. So I kill the server, close the eclipse project, and edit the .classpath file again. I know there's a way to do this through eclipse, but I find editing the file quicker.

I get rid of these entries:
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/" kind="src" path="webapps/echo/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/
" kind="src" path="webapps/tutorial/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/" kind="src" path="webapps/fitcDemo/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/
" kind="src" path="webapps/oflaDemo/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/" kind="src" path="conf"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/
" kind="src" path="webapps/test/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/" kind="src" path="webapps/midiDemo/WEB-INF/src"/>
<classpathentry excluding=".svn/
" kind="src" path="webapps/agile/WEB-INF/src"/>

And I add one for my project, I'm going to work on something for AgileAgenda, so I'll call it agile.

<classpathentry excluding=".svn/*" kind="src" path="webapps/agile/WEB-INF/src"/>

Then I go rename the "echo" example to "agile", and delete all the other samples (I deleted admin too, not sure if that was a good idea or not)

Open up the project in Eclipse again.

And I don't see my agile webapp. WTF? Oh yeah... Eclipse is retarded. Right Click->Refresh and it shows up.

I want to rename the Application class in my webapps folder (see the picture).

Luckily, Eclipse rocks Java more than it rocks Flex, so I can just right click, select refactor, and pick move. Then I click "Create Package" enter in and click ok a bunch of times.

I delete the rest of the webapp echo source tree.

A project->Clean and...

I think I broke something. Oh well.

Project->Properties->Builders and remove the invalid entry.

Project->Clean and build successful.

I hit the debug button, and search the console output. No errors reported and:

[INFO] 2007-09-23 15:44:45,375 main:( /agile.invoke0 ) Initializing Spring root WebApplicationContext

So I guess it found my new app. Yay!

Kill the server.

So I go back to my Application class and make a new method.

public function login(username:String, password:String) : Boolean
return true;

Then I remember that this is Java and not Actionscript so I rewrite it...

public boolean login(String username, String password)
return true;

I go to my project menu and turn on "Build Automatically" and get...

Severity and Description Path Resource Location Creation Time Id
Unbound classpath container: 'org.jayasoft.ivyde.eclipse.cpcontainer.IVYDECONTAINER/ivy.xml/test,' in project red5server red5server Build path 1190576857156 182811


Close the project, open my .classpath file, remove the offending line:
<classpathentry kind="con" path="org.jayasoft.ivyde.eclipse.cpcontainer.IVYDE

Open the project, Project->Clean, build success.

I have no idea why that didn't bite me earlier.

I press the debug button. The red5 server launches.
[INFO] 2007-09-23 15:51:26,062 main:( org.red5.server.Standalone.main ) Startup done in: 4937 ms


Writing some actionscript

Now that I have a (dumb) login method, I want to try it out in Flex.

I have a "Sandbox" AIR application set up in Eclipse that I use when I want to quickly play with something. I highly suggest everyone do that. So I open my sandbox, open the MXML and create a quick login form.

<mx:Label x="26" y="43" text="Username:"/>
<mx:TextInput x="101" y="41" id="txtUsername"/>
<mx:TextInput x="101" y="71" id="txtPassword" displayAsPassword="true"/>
<mx:Label x="26" y="73" text="Password"/>
<mx:Button x="196" y="101" label="Login" click="onLoginClick()"/>
<mx:Label x="58" y="148" text="Label" id="lblResult" width="281"/>

And then add in some code (remembering that this is Actionscript!)...

private var netConn:NetConnection;

protected function onLoginClick() : void

NetConnection.defaultObjectEncoding =;
SharedObject.defaultObjectEncoding =;

netConn = new NetConnection();
netConn.addEventListener(NetStatusEvent.NETSTATUS, onNetStatus );
netConn.addEventListener( SecurityErrorEvent.SECURITY
ERROR, errorHandler );
netConn.addEventListener( AsyncErrorEvent.ASYNCERROR, errorHandler );
netConn.addEventListener( IOErrorEvent.IO
ERROR, errorHandler );



protected function sendLogin() : void
var responder:Responder = new Responder( onLoginResult );"login",responder,txtUsername.text, txtPassword.text);

protected function onLoginResult( result:Boolean ) : void
lblResult.text = result ? "Login Success!" : "Login Fail!?!";

protected function onNetStatus(event:NetStatusEvent) : void
switch( )
case "NetConnection.Connect.Success":
lblResult.text = "Connected, sending login";

lblResult.text = "ERROR!! " + event.toString();


protected function errorHandler(event:Event) : void
lblResult.text = "ERROR! " + event.toString();

I start the server, run my sandbox app, click the login button, and get a connection error. Something went wrong somewhere.

I bet it's a configuration problem. I open webapps/agile/WEB-INF and notice 3 config files.

in web.xml I make this change:


In red5-web.xml I make this change:

<bean id="web.handler"
singleton="true" />

In, I make this change:


Kill the server, restart it (debug mode), try my app again. "Login Sucess" YES!

Now I head into the java class and put a breakpoint on the "return true;" line. I hit the button on my AIR app and Eclipse correctly breaks on the line. Yay!

I inspect the username and password parameters, and the values I had filled into the AIR app are present. Yay!

I'm now to the point where I can start actually writing my application.